How Tos
Workflow Command-line Usage
March 07, 2021
2 min

EPI2ME Labs workflow are built using the nextflow workflow framework:

Nextflow enables scalable and reproducible scientific workflows using software containers. It allows the adaptation of pipelines written in the most common scripting languages.

Its fluent DSL simplifies the implementation and the deployment of complex parallel and reactive workflows on clouds and clusters.


In this guide we will walkthrough usage of EPI2ME Labs Nextflow workflows from the command-line on either Linux, macOS or, Windows through WSL2. It is assumed that the EPI2ME Labs desktop application has been installed, or in the case of macOS and Linux Nextflow is installed as in our Installation guide.

EPI2ME Labs workflows can currently be run using either Docker, Singularity or Conda to provide isolation of the required software. We do not however recommend using conda. Each of these methods is automated out-of-the-box provided Docker, Singularity or Conda is installed.

Generic Workflow instructions

The code behind all EPI2ME Labs workflows is hosted publically on our Github space: Workflow projects are prefixed with wf-. For example the code powering our ARTIC-based SARS-CoV-2 analysis is available at:

For the most part, users will not need to interact directly with the Github code repositories as Nextflow has the ability to automatically manage workflows available on Github.

The instructions below are provided using wf-artic as an examplar workflow, for other workflow simple replace wf-artic with wf-name-of-workflow.

Downloading and Running Workflows

With the prerequisites installed, users can run:

nextflow run epi2me-labs/wf-artic --help

to see the options for a specific workflow. The help message will display all common options available for augmenting the workflows behaviour. See Configuration and tuning below for information regarding manipulating how workflows are run.

To run the workflow using Docker containers supply the -profile standard argument to nextflow run:

The command below uses test data available from the github repository It can be obtained with git clone

# run the pipeline with the test data
nextflow run epi2me-labs/wf-artic \
    -w ${OUTPUT}/workspace
    -profile standard
    --fastq test_data/sars-samples-demultiplexed/
    --samples test_data/sample_sheet \
    --out_dir ${OUTPUT}

Running the workflow with Conda

To run the workflow using conda rather than docker, simply replace

-profile standard 


-profile conda

in the command above.

Configuration and tuning

This section provides some minimal guidance for changing common options, see the Nextflow documentation for further details.

The default settings for the workflow are described in the configuration file nextflow.config found within the git repository. The default configuration defines an executor that will use a specified maximum CPU cores (four at the time of writing) and RAM (eight gigabytes).

If the workflow is being run on a device other than a GridION, the available memory and number of CPUs may be adjusted to the available number of CPU cores. This can be done by creating a file my_config.cfg in the working directory with the following contents:

executor {
    $local {
        cpus = 4
        memory = "8 GB"

and running the workflow providing the -c (config) option, e.g.:

# run the pipeline with custom configuration
nextflow run epi2me-labs/wf-artic \
    -c my_config.cfg \

The contents of the my_config.cfg file will override the contents of the default configuration file. See the Nextflow documentation for more information concerning customized configuration.

Using a fixed conda environment

By default, Nextflow will attempt to create a fresh conda environment for any new analysis (for reasons of reproducibility). This may be undesirable if many analyses are being run. To avoid the situation a fixed conda environment can be used for all analyses by creating a custom config with the following stanza:

profiles {
    // profile using conda environments rather than docker
    // containers
    fixed_conda {
        docker {
            enabled = false
        process {
            withLabel:artic {
                conda = "/path/to/my/conda/environment"
            shell = ['/bin/bash', '-euo', 'pipefail']

and running nextflow by setting the profile to fixed_conda:

nextflow run epi2me-labs/wf-artic \
    -c my_config.cfg \
    -profile fixed_conda \

Updating workflows

Periodically when running workflows, users may find that a message is displayed indicating that an update to the workflow is available.

To update the workflow simply run (for e.g. the wf-artic workflow):

nextflow pull epi2me-labs/wf-artic

Building the docker container from source

The docker images used for running the EPI2ME Labs workflows are available on dockerhub. The image is built from the Dockerfile present in the git repository. Users wishing to modify and build the image can do so with:


git clone
cd wf-artic

docker build \
    -t ${CONTAINER_TAG} -f Dockerfile \
    --build-arg BASEIMAGE=ontresearch/base-workflow-image:v0.1.0 \

In order to run the workflow with this new image it is required to give nextflow the --wfversion parameter:

nextflow run epi2me-labs/wf-artic \
    --wfversion latest
  • nextflow The workflow management system used by EPI2ME Labs workflows.
  • docker A software container platform that can be optionally used by EPI2ME Labs.
  • conda A software package manager that can be optionally used by workflows.

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